All students graduate from Wharton with a bachelor of science in economics; however, each student is required to choose a concentration, which consists of four upper-level courses that explore a particular area of business in depth.
The timeline is flexible, but most students declare a concentration at the end of sophomore year after they have completed the majority of the Business Fundamental courses. Students can design an individualized concentration if they cannot find a standard one that aligns with their interests. Students can change their concentration at any time.
Students can complete more than one concentration (Note: Students who entered Wharton in fall of 2017 or later may declare a maximum of two concentrations). In most cases, students use three Unrestricted Electives to take courses toward their second concentration. One course in the second concentration can double-count as a Business Breadth. Students cannot count courses toward more than one concentration.
Concentration courses must be taken at the University of Pennsylvania and may not be taken pass/fail. Students must earn at least a 2.5 GPA in the four courses counted toward their concentration(s).
For more detailed information on each concentration, please click on the links below. Students should also review the FAQ and Choosing a Concentration, which provides tips and advice. To declare or change a concentration, students should speak to an academic advisor in the Undergraduate Division.
- Actuarial Science
- Behavioral Economics
- Business Analytics
- Business Economics & Public Policy
- Environmental Policy & Management
- Global Analysis (second concentration only)*
- Health Care Management & Policy
- Legal Studies & Business Ethics
- Management (specializations in entrepreneurship and innovation, multinational management, organizational effectiveness, strategic management)
- Managing Electronic Commerce (second concentration only)*
- Marketing & Communication (dual concentration)**
- Marketing & Operations Management
- Operations, Information & Decisions (tracks in decision processes, information systems, and operations management/management science)
- Real Estate
- Retailing (second concentration only)*
- Social Impact & Responsibility (second concentration only)*
* This concentration may not be used as a primary or sole concentration.
** In this dual concentration, students complete a primary concentration in marketing with a special second concentration in communication for a total of 8 CUs.